It was waged mainly on political, economic, and â¦ They both wanted a sphere of influence in the world. In 1949, the communists triumphed in the Chinese civil war, and the world's most populous nation joined the Soviet Union as a Cold War adversary. Under the Mutual Security Act of 1951, funds were to be made available for the strengthening of Latin armies in the interests of â¦ After World War II, the US and the Soviet Union were the two major superpowers left. Latin America became a priority again in the 1950s due to the Cold War. The U.S. expanded across North America in the 19 th century, became an imperial power in Asia in 1899, declared Latin America an exclusive sphere of influence in the early 20 th century, and became the foremost global economic power prior to the First World War. This situation became even more dangerous after 1945, when the Soviet Union emerged from World War II as one of two surviving superpowers, whose political reach was enhanced by the acquisition of the Baltic republics (1940), by the subjugation of Eastern Europe (1945-48), by the victory of forces friendly to it in the Chinese civil war â¦ Nevertheless, there was very little use of weapons on battlefields during the Cold War. The Cold War was a conflict between the US and the Soviet Union. Because of the importance of the Cold War in Latin America and its impact on the totality of political, economic, social, and cultural developments, it may be possible to argue that essentially any book written about Latin America from the end of World War II to the late 1980s might be considered Cold War history. Military aid to Latin America was suspended in the immediate postwar era; as the Cold War intensified, however, the rearmament of Latin American armies once again became a U.S. policy objective. Between East and West: The Cold Warâs legacy in Africa âRed Africaâ: From a generation of cinematographers to the end of apartheid â Africa, Cuba and the Soviet Union. South America Is a Battlefield in the New Cold War. Operation Condor: the cold war conspiracy that terrorised South America â podcast Read more No one could understand how the two children, whose accents marked them as foreign, had got here. The war spawned hardship in both countries, and each underwent brutal civil wars (Somaliaâs continues to this day). Economies grew, but at a slower rate than in most of Europe or East Asia, so that Latin Americaâ¦ While the Cold War itself never escalated into direct confrontation, there were a number of conflicts related to the Cold War around the globe, spanning the entirety of the period usually prescribed to it (March 12, 1947 to December 26, 1991, a total of 44 years, 9 months, and 2 weeks). The Cold War was solidified by 1947â48, when U.S. aid had brought certain Western countries under American influence and the Soviets had established openly communist regimes. The Ogaden War ended in a rout and by March of 1978 all Somali forces had withdrawn from Ethiopian territory. Latin America since the mid-20th century The postwar world, 1945â80. Some of those are very well-known and documented such as Vietnam, Afghanistan, and Angola, but there were also a few lesser-known conflicts in which Soviet and American troops indirectly slugged it â¦ In Latin America as elsewhere, the close of World War II was accompanied by expectations, only partly fulfilled, of steady economic development and democratic consolidation. The struggle to overthrow colonial regimes frequently became entangled in Cold War tensions, and the superpowers competed to influence anti-colonial movements. The US believed that their influence should continue to include Latin â¦ In the context of the Cold War, the Ogaden conflict appeared a victory for the â¦ During the Cold War, the USSR and the U.S. met on many battlefields by supporting opposing sides in many conflicts. ... at least â to have become a geopolitics-free zone.