The justification of non-depreciation on The KPMG Guide: Improvements to Financial Reporting Standards incorporating FRSs 101, 108, 116, 117 and 124 2 Volume C - UK Reporting - International Financial Reporting Standards Volume D - UK Reporting - IFRS 9 and related Standards Volume E - UK Reporting ... Illustrative Examples on IAS 38 Intangible Assets. If an intangible asset is acquired by way of a grant, IAS 38 states that there is a choice of recognition at fair value or at the nominal value of the grant. Intangible assets should be included in the balance sheet in accordance with FRS 38 “Intangible Assets”. Under Section 18, an intangible asset is recognised if they arise from either; a) contractual or legal rights or b) from being separable. This course is part of the IFRS Certificate Program — a comprehensive, integrated curriculum that will give you the foundational training, knowledge, and practical guidance in international accounting standards necessary in today's global business environment.. IAS 38 Intangible Assets sets out the recognition criteria, measurement bases and disclosure requirements for intangible assets not dealt with specifically in another standard. Disclosure of accounting policies is especially useful to users when those policies are selected from alternatives allowed in FRSs. Intangible Assets: Intangible assets are things that are non-physical in nature that you can identify, describe document (e.g. HKAS 38 requires an entity to recognise an intangible asset if, and only if, specified criteria are met. Under UK accounting standards, intangible assets are accounted for using the rules from FRS 10, Goodwill and Intangibles. a contract, list, logo, drawing or schematic) and, most importantly, transfer. IAS 38 applies to all intangible assets, except: • intangible assets within the scope of another standard (e.g. Intangible assets with finite lives: these have a limited period of benefit to the entity, for example, some software. The accounting standard IAS 38 sets out accounting treatment and disclosures to be applied to the recognition and measurement of intangible assets. FRS 16, FRS 38 (Amended) Property, Plant and Equipment, Intangible Assets - Clarification of Acceptable Methods of Depreciation and Amortisation 11 FRS 16, FRS 41 (Amended) Property, Plant and Equipment, Agriculture - Bearer Plants 12 FRS 111 (Amended) Joint Arrangements - Accounting for Acquisitions of Interests in Joint Operations 12 C: Expenditure on the prototype of a new engine cannot be classified as an intangible asset because the prototype has been assembled and has physical substance. For intangible assets, the equivalent of depreciation is amortisation. Interim reports – FRS 34 41 Industry-specific topics 32. Reporting Standard (FRS) 138 Intangible Assets. by Silvia . Section 18.8 deals with intangible assets acquired in a business combination. Joint ventures – FRS 31 39 Other subjects 29. FRS 38 should be read in the context of its objective, the Preface to Financial Reporting Standards and the Conceptual Framework for Financial Reporting. On completion of this course you will have a good understanding of: The scope of IAS 38 and the intangible assets that it deals with; Definition of an intangible asset All the paragraphs have equal authority. This course defines what intangible assets are and how to set up the accounting treatment for these intangible assets. Ryanair Holdings plc – Annual report – 31 March 2020 Industry: transport 1. Equipment and FRS 38 Intangible Assets: Clarification of Acceptable Methods of Depreciation and Amortisation The amendments to FRS 16 prohibit entities from using a revenue-based depreciation method for items of property, plant and equipment. 2. IAS 38 classifies intangible assets based on their useful life in two categories: 1. Unlike previous UK GAAP, goodwill is not dealt with in the intangible assets section, instead it is dealt with in Section 19 Business Combinations and Goodwill. an intangible asset. 26. MFRS 138 : INTANGIBLE ASSET How to calculate initial cost??? Unlike the depreciation charge, amortisation generally is tax deductible. View Test Prep - FRS_38_IE_(2015) from ACCOUNTING 101 at Business Management & Finance High School. Section 18.8 deals with intangible assets acquired in a business combination. (FRS) 138 Intangible Assets, which is equivalent word-for- word to International Accounting Standard (IAS) 38 Intangible Assets and the determinants influencing the most assets is likely be immaterial. Under Section 18, an intangible asset is recognised if they arise from either; a) contractual or legal rights or b) from being separable. intangible assets held by an entity for sale in the ordinary course of business; goodwill acquired in a business combination) • financial assets as defined in IAS 32 Financial instruments: Presentation The amendments to FRS 38 introduce a rebuttable presumption that capable of being separated or divided from the entity and sold, transferred, licensed, rented or exchanged, either individually or together with a related contract, asset or liability; or The cost of an intangible asset acquired by way of a grant is its fair value at the date when the grant is received or receivable in accordance with section 24 of FRS 102 in respect of government grants or, for public benefit entities, section 34 of FRS 102 in respect of incoming resources from non-exchange transactions, as appropriate. Statements of Cash Flows – FRS 7 40 31. 4 A lessee may, but is not required to, apply this Standard to leases of intangible assets other This contrasts with old GAAP (FRS 10) where both of these conditions must be met before an intangible can be recognised. You are here ... IAS 38 — Intangible Assets . Intangible assets are the main growth inducer in a knowledge economy and are becoming more important than the tangible assets. IAS 38 permits intangible assets with both finite and indefinite useful lives. Related-party disclosures – FRS 24 40 30. FRS 38 4 Financial Reporting Standard 38 Intangible Assets (FRS 38) is set out in paragraphs 1 – 133. So, tax relief on intangible asset expenditure is given over however many years the asset benefits the business. Applied in accounting for intangible assets except Intangible assets that are within the scope of another standard E.g. IAS 38: Intangible Asset or Expense? Addresses requirements of IAS 38, Intangible Assets. Such an asset is identifiable when: it is separable, i.e. IAS 38 requires an entity to determine whether the useful life of an intangible asset is finite or indefinite. (e) rights held by a lessee under licensing agreements within the scope of SB-FRS 38 Intangible Assets for such items as motion picture films, video recordings, plays, manuscripts, patents and copyrights. Paragraph 2 to FRS 10 refers specifically to licences as an intangible asset and in the guidance on whether an intangible asset should be regarded as having a readily ascertainable market value. FRS 116 requires the effect of inflation to be taken into account in arriving at the residual value. Associates – FRS 28 38 28. The company paid significant amount of cash for the list of customers of telecommunications. FRS 38 defines the intangible asset as: An identifiable non-monetary asset without physical substance. Even though R&D can be an intangible asset in the UK, accounting for R&D is governed by its own accounting standard – SSAP 13, Accounting for Research and Development . FRS 102 The Financial Reporting Standard applicable in the UK and Republic of Ireland deals with the issue of intangible assets (but not goodwill) at Section 18 Intangible Assets other than Goodwill.. Financial Reporting Standards Effective for annual periods beginning on 1 January 2018 Financial Reporting Standards (FRSs) refer to Financial Reporting Standards and Interpretations of Financial Reporting Standards issued by the ASC. D: Impairment losses for a cash generating unit are first applied to goodwill and then to other intangible assets before being applied to tangible assets Disposals of subsidiaries, businesses and non-current assets – FRS 105 38 27. The FRS 38 stated that the proper way to record a positive goodwill is by recognising it as an intangible asset in the balance sheet but immediately record a negative goodwill as other income in the Profit or Loss Account. FRS 102 definition of an intangible asset is now more in line with IFRS and expands on what is defined as an intangible asset in comparison to the old UK GAAP. In this case, you amortize cost less residual value over the useful life of an asset. Goodwill acquired in a business combination (IFRS 3) Financial assets (as defined in LKAS 32 Financial Instruments: Presentation) Recognition and measurement of exploration and evaluation assets treatment for intangible assets that are not dealt with specifically in another Standard. INITIAL MEASUREMENT cost -trade discount -rebates +Any directly attributable cost of preparing the asset for intended use ----- initial cost ----- Clarify your understanding of IAS 38 - intangible assets. Previous Section Next Section . Volume C - UK Reporting - International Financial Reporting Standards Volume D - UK Reporting - IFRS 9 and related Standards Volume E - UK Reporting - IAS 39 and related Standards IFRS disclosures in practice Model annual report and financial statements for UK listed groups - IFRS Standards The list contained the names, addresses and phone numbers of … FRS 102 states that the cost of that intangible asset is its fair value at the date the grant becomes receivable. This contrasts with old GAAP (FRS 10) where both of these conditions must be met before an intangible can be recognised. Under cost model, an intangible asset is carried at cost less any accumulated amortisation and any accumulated impairment losses (IAS 38.74). Recently I had an argument with auditors of one company related to the customer list they bought. b) a brief description of significant intangible assets controlled by the entity but not recognised as assets because they did not meet the recognition criteria in this Standard or because they were acquired or generated before the version of FRS 38 Intangible Assets issued in 2003 was effective. Basis of preparation and significant accounting policies (extract) (viii) Summary of significant accounting policies (extract) Intangible assets - landing rights Intangible assets acquired are recognized to the extent it is considered probable that expected future benefits will flow to the Company and… HKAS 38 also specifies how to measure the carrying amount of intangible assets and requires specified disclosures about intangible assets. IAS 38 allows a policy choice when measuring intangible assets – cost model or revaluation model (IAS 38.72-73). 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