From: Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Diabetes (Second Edition), 2019 Uses 12. Family of Ginger: ZINGIBERACEAE. Oleoresin or oil drops are found scattered within the parenchymatous cells. Turmeric finds itself placed in the Curcuma taxonomic group, which is part of the ginger family. Ginger rhizome is often mixed with rhizome of Z.casumunar Roxb. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). They are then bleached by washing and again dried for 2 days. Answer Now and help others. Plant Name Scientific Name: Alpinia purpurata Common Name: Red Ginger Plant Characteristics Duration: Perennial, Evergreen Growth Habit: Herb/Forb Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. Disclaimer Copyright, Share Your Knowledge The plant's Family is Zingiberaceae. Zingiber officinale, known as the true ginger used as a spice, is one of the oldest known and most widely consumed spices. Ginger are aromatic herb with an underground rhizome and an erect stem, up to 75 cm. Biology, Botany, Pharmacognosy, Medicinal Plant, Ginger. Carl Linnaeus, a famous botanist, and zoologist developed the system of Binomial Nomenclature. Notes on Scientific Names of Plants, Fruits & Vegetables. It is now cultivated over a greater part of the tropical and temperate regions. Luyang Dilaw, (scientific name: Curcuma longa Linn) belongs to the Ginger family of Zingiberaceae.The rootstocks of this erect, smooth plant are thick, and have strong aromatic qualities. The long, red inflorescences are complimented with edible, bright yellow, tubular flowers. The anti-inflammatory properties of ginger have been known and valued for centuries. Buds developing in the axil of these scales come up as aerial scoots with normal leaves. Zingiber officinale, commonly known as ginger, has analgesic and antiinflammatory properties. Microscopical Character 9. – ginger P Species Zingiber officinale Roscoe – garden ginger P Ether soluble extraction of not less than 4.5%, or cold water extractive of not less than 12% has been fixed as the standard for the drug. Twenty-seven participants performed 24 eccentric actions of the non-dominant elbow flexo … Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. However, information to support ginger’s use for nausea, especially in pregnancy, is limited or lacking. Standard 10. The skin gathered from such peeled rhizomes often distilled and oil is obtained. Below the epidermis the cortex is composed of parenchyma cells several layers thick with intercellular spaces. Some experts recommend that people with gallstone disease use caution with ginger because it may increase the flow of bile. Every species on earth has its own unique scientific name. The main constituent is starch and fibre. rice-powder, wheat-flour, powder of flax seed and ginger waste. The Martinique ginger (Z.zerumbet) and the Japanese ginger (Z.mioga) are also used as adulterants. It is used to flavour food stuff, beer and other drinks. Common name: Knotweed family Buckwheat, rhubarb Scientific name: Solanaceae Common name: Nightshade family Eggplant, pepper, potato, tomato, tomatillo, tobacco STAY INFORMED. Description 4. Powdered Ginger 11. in height,. Vegetables Fruits Scientific The original discovery of ginger's inhibitory … 6. Ginger has many medicinal uses. These aromatic herbs grow in moist areas of the tropics and subtropics, including some regions that are seasonably dry. deep and about 30 cm. Botanical Name of Ginger 2. It is used in cold and cough and as a febrifuge. How the vascular cambium is responsible for secondary growth? The scientific name of this common spice is Curcuma longa. Distribution 5. During the growing season abundant rainfall is necessary but at no time water-logging should be permitted. Family of Ginger 3. The common name of any plant can differ region to region. Share Your PDF File Many species are economically valuable for their spices and perfume. jackie December 7, 2009 at 10:41 pm hi! Fruit an oblong capsule, many seeded; seeds arillate, globose, with a small embryo and copious endosperm. Nectar is present in the slender flower tubes. Key Uses: Food and Read fascinating facts and browse beautiful, detailed photos of the torch ginger (Etlingera elatior): one of thousands of plant species growing at the Eden Project in Cornwall. is the botanical name or formal name. SIGN UP! Plant Name Scientific Name: Dichorisandra thyrsiflora Common Names: Blue Ginger, Blue-ginger Plant Characteristics Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Herb/Forb Hawaii Native Status: Cultivated, but it can appear to be growing wild. The brightly coloured flowers may bloom for only a few hours and are thought to be pollinated by insects. Members of the family are perennials that frequently have sympodial (forked) fleshy rhizomes (underground stems). Cultivation and Preparation 7. It has cultivars called Jungle King and Jungle Queen. Ginger, ( Zingiber officinale ), herbaceous perennial plant of the family Zingiberaceae, probably native to southeastern Asia, or its aromatic, pungent rhizome (underground stem) used as a spice, flavouring, food, and medicine. The rhizome continues to grow underground while the aerial shoots die out annually and the tail end of the rhizome also perishes when old. Bracts (leaflike structures) are spirally arranged, and the flower clusters are spiral and conelike. Common Names of Turmeric in Different Languages Turmeric is mostly found in tropical areas, and it has a different name in different regions and cultures. Tender Perennial Name the types of nitrogenous bases present in the RNA. This naturalized ornamental garden plant is The rolled-up sheathing bases of the leaves sometimes form an apparent short aerial stem. The cleaned materials are then dried in sun for 5-6 days, taking care that they do not get damped or mouldy during the drying period. Scientific Name CUDO2 Curcuma domestica Valeton Classification Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Ginger may possess anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, and has been effective in dysmenorrhea in limited studies. Ginger, when used as a spice, is believed to be generally safe. In scientific classification of Ginger Plant, Family is a main factor. Family Name: Zingerberaceae Introduction Ginger is a tropical plant that was spread around the tropical world during the colonial days. Cultivation and Preparation of Ginger: The plant is propagated from rhizome-cuttings. Explain its significance. belongs to the family Zingiberaceae, in the order Zingiberales of monocotyledons, which is composed of 50 genera and around 1500 species of perennial tropical herbs. What are antibiotics? The ginger rhizome is much branched, somewhat resembling the palm of a hand with fingers. It is used as a condiment in curries. Commercial Varieties 8. It's classified as a member of the Zingiberaceae family, making it a close relative of turmeric. During the past 25 years, many laboratories have provided scientific support for the long-held belief that ginger contains constituents with antiinflammatory properties. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Zingiberaceae. Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) The powder is yellowish orange or yellowish brown. The oleoresin that gives pungent taste to the ginger is a viscous liquid and contains the active principle — the gingerol. This Cultivated, but it can appear to be growing wild. They may grow to 6 metres (20 feet) in height. The Ginger family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. Which organelle is known as “power house” of the cell? Habitat: Humid, partly-shaded habitats in the tropics and subtropics. The chief ginger growing countries of the world are India, China, Australia, East Indies, West Indies, Mexico, Jamaica, North Africa and West Africa. What according to Odum are a habitat and a niche? This protects the rhizomes from insect attack. Share Your PPT File. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Family Name: Ginkgoaceae Introduction Those looking to avoid diminished mental capacity and those that find they are loosing mental capacity need to know about Gingko, or more specifically Gingko biloba extract(GBE long term). Omissions? The dried thick rhizome of turmeric (Curcuma longa) is commonly ground for culinary, medicinal, and cosmetic uses. Powdered ginger is adulterated with various things, e.g. In Africa, Asia, or South America, and many hot spots between those continents, locals have Inflorescence a spike on a distinct scape; flowers densely arranged, bisexual, irregular, each subtended by a persistent scarious bract. It has dark green and fuzzy underneath, ginger-like, elliptic leaves that spiral up the slender cane-like stems to a height of 7.9 feet (2.4 m). Leaves of ginger are simple, alternate, linear-lanceolate, sheathing at the base, sessile, acuminate at apex, glabrosus, up to 15 cm.long. One genus, Etlingera, exhibits an unusual growth pattern. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The most Ginger families were found in the UK in 1891. The rhizomes are then peeled and washed in clean water often containing lime-juice. Calyx tubular shortly 3-lobed; corolla bilabiate, tubular below, yellow with purplish spots stamens 3 in one whorl, one of which is perfect the other 2 united to form a labellum; filament of perfect stamen short, anther cells contiguous, connective produced into a beak, ovary of 3 carpels, syncarpous, 3-celled, inferior; ovules many on axile placentas; style filiform, lying in a groove of the anther; stigma subglobose. These aromatic herbs grow in moist areas of the tropics and subtropics, including some regions that are seasonably dry. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to share notes in Biology. A few species are epiphytic—i.e., supported by other plants and having aerial roots exposed to the humid atmosphere. Why mitochondria is called as the power house of the cell? from March to May. Indian ginger is again known as Cochin variety. Starch grains are numerous, 5 – 40 µ in diam. The Zingiberaceae flower resembles an orchid because of its labellum (two or three fused stamens) joined with a pair of petal-like sterile stamens. Ginger Plant in Spanish can be different from Ginger Plant in English. Zingiberaceae, the ginger family of flowering plants, the largest family of the order Zingiberales, containing about 56 genera and about 1,300 species. apart in summer i.e. The plant's Family is Zingiberaceae. This aromatic herb goes by many names but first and foremost it goes by its scientific species nameZingiber officinale. The commonly green sepals differ in texture and colour from the petals. It is then treated with boiling water and then dried in sun. (With Methods)| Industrial Microbiology, How is Cheese Made Step by Step: Principles, Production and Process, Enzyme Production and Purification: Extraction & Separation Methods | Industrial Microbiology, Fermentation of Olives: Process, Control, Problems, Abnormalities and Developments, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Calicut variety and Calcutta variety from the ports wherefrom the material is exported. Ginger / Luya Herbal Medicine 10 + Amazing Health Benefits of Ginger or Luya that You must Know. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Family Zingiberaceae – Ginger family Genus Zingiber Mill. Some-times the dug-up rhizomes are washed in clear water and peeled or scrapped and then coated with carbonate or sulphate of lime. Genus name comes from the Greek name which, in turn, is said to derive from an East Indian word cognate with Pali sigivera . i just stumbled upon your site… it’s very informative. Scientific Name: Zingiber officinale Roscoe Common Name: ginger Conservation Status: Least Concern according to IUCN Red List criteria. ADVERTISEMENTS: 3. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Ginger is stimulant, carminative and diaphoretic. Several species of shellflower (Alpinia) are cultivated as ornamentals. Carl Linnaeus, a Swedish botanist, manufactured the name Zingiber officinale. Major genera include Alpinia (200 species), Etlingera (110 species), Curcuma (100 species), Globba (100 species), Zingiber (100), Renealmia (75), Riedelia (75), Amomum (65), Aframomum (60), Boesenbergia (60), Hedychium (50), Hornstedia (50), and Meisteria (42). In 1891 there were 110 Ginger families living in Buckinghamshire. nearly spherical, frequently with a characteristic beak, slightly lamellated; fibres long, with rounded, pointed or oblique ends, thin walled with oblique pits. The rhizomes are then dug up and washed. Costus barbatus is a perennial plantwith a red inflorescence. Yeast: Origin, Reproduction, Life Cycle and Growth Requirements | Industrial Microbiology, How is Bread Made Step by Step? What are the characters Mendel selected for his experiments on pea plant? Content Guidelines 2. Adulterants. This grows also in India and is locally called Karpoor haridra or Karpoor Kachuri. Indian ginger, African ginger, Chinese ginger and Jamaican ginger. the Japanese ginger and Martinique ginger, the former being obtained from Zingiber mioga Roscoe and the other from Z. zerumbet Rose ex Sm. Where does the "ginger" belong? Ginger lily (Hedychium) produces beautiful flowers that are used in garlands and other decorations. The fresh or dried rhizome is used in oral or topical preparations to treat a variety of ailments, while the … A web page providing general knowledge on scientific names of common plants, fruits, vegetables and some common trees including scientific name of mehndi, pudina, ginger, turmeric, grains and cereals. In this article we will discuss about Ginger:- 1. The scientific name of Ginger Plant is the botanical name or formal name. Leaves of ginger are simple, alternate, linear-lanceolate, sheathing at the base, sessile, acuminate at apex, glabrosus, up to 15 cm.long. 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